Knitted Fabric Structure
- 單面布 SINGLE JERSEY : 用在夏季上衣比較多，你可以看正面布紋一條條直向織紋，背面布紋與正面不同呈漩渦狀；這種布的特性是薄，洗過後除左右接縫可以會往後或往前偏移外，不會有多大問題。
- 羅紋布 RIB : 有區分為1*1, 2*2或 A*B 都有，市面上用最多的應該是1*1 羅紋， 1*1你可以看正面與反面呈一凸一凹的直向織紋，若是2*2就是正面與背面呈2凸2凹，若3*1則是正面是呈3凸1凹，背面則是3凹一凸；此類布最大特色在拉力奇好，同一尺寸胖的人還是可以穿的，但注意超過拉力後布性可能無法回復原性，所以用洗衣機洗時務必要裝在洗衣袋內洗，以免在洗衣機內拉扯衣服變形。
- 雙面布 INTERLOCK ：就是正面跟反面布紋都一樣呈一條條直向織紋，此布本身彈性較羅紋布小，布性穩定，比較不會變型，但厚度上會比單面布厚，所以用在春秋款的上衣居多。
- PK布 PICQUE：多用於POLO衫。
- 魚鱗布 FRENCH TERRY：看字面就知道，此類布背面有點像魚鱗般的紗紋， 多用在冬天厚衣服或休閒服上。
- 刷毛布POLAR FLEECE：多用在冬天外套或上衣，有保暖效果，有分單面刷毛或雙面刷毛，此類有些會起毛球有些不會，端看刷毛後是否有在作抗起毛球加工處理，此類衣物因為有經刷毛處理，所以表面容易沾粘毛屑，所以你會發現黑色衣服上常看到白色或其他色的屑屑黏在上面。
Automatic Knitting Machine
Knitting is the construction of an elastic, porous fabric, created by interlocking yarns by means of needles. Knitted fabrics can be made much more quickly and easily than woven fabrics at comparatively less cost. Knitted fabrics are generally light in weight, comfortable in wear even during travel, but yet require little care to keep their neat appearance. The tendency of knits to resist wrinkling is another factor to boost up their popularity. Knitted fabrics are used for designing active clothing such as sports clothing. Their elastic nature permits for abundant physical activity. Knitted fabrics are produced by two general methods. Warp knitting and weft knitting. They are made as flat or tubular fabrics depending on the end use. Tubular fabrics may not have any seams at the sides where as flat fabrics are treted just like woven fabrics.
Knitted Fabric Types
These fabrics are weft knitted and are characterised by distinct but flat vertical lines on the face and dominant horizontal ribs on the reverse side. Fancy varieties are also produced. They are used in making hoisery sweaters, sports wear etc.
These fabrics are made by using rib stitch with two sets of needles. These fabrics are used where stretch is desired as they show excellent degree of elasticity. Rib knits are warm to wear. They are used as apparels such as shirts, blouses, body stockings etc.
Double knits are produced by the interlock stitch. The fabrics is riblike in appearance on both the sides. Decorative fabrics are also produced by jacquard attachment. These fabrics show good dimensional stability and are easy to cut and sew. They do not require any seam finishes as the fabric does not ravel. They are firm, heavier, less stretchable and more resilient. Double knits are commonly made from polyester, cetate or wool fibres. They find use as every durable apparels.
Knitted fur fabrics
A wide range of knitted fur fabrics are available in the market. The fabrics are produced by pile knitting. The extra set of soft filament yarns used form the pile on the surface of the fabric. The pile is cut and the fabric are finished similar to the original fur. These fabrics are mainly used for coats and trimmings for other dresses.
編排整理 Edited: ACOTEX Fabric Talks 布料指南